discourse and context in language teaching pdf

Discourse And Context In Language Teaching Pdf

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In writing skill there are two types of intentions: 1 - One intention has to do with reading the written production to be read by the writer itself shopping lists 2 - The other intention deals with the written production to be read by unknown readers or audience.

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Discourse analysis is the examination of language use by members of a speech community. It involves looking at both language form and language function and includes the study of both spoken interaction and written texts. It identifies linguistic features that characterize different genres as well as social and cultural factors that aid in our interpretation and understanding of different texts and types of talk. A discourse analysis of written texts might include a study of topic development and cohesion across the sentences, while an analysis of spoken language might focus on these aspects plus turn-taking practices, opening and closing sequences of social encounters, or narrative structure. The study of discourse has developed in a variety of disciplines-sociolinguistics, anthropology, sociology, and social psychology. Thus discourse analysis takes different theoretical perspectives and analytic approaches: speech act theory, interactional sociolinguistics, ethnography of communication, pragmatics, conversation analysis, and variation analysis Schiffrin, Although each approach emphasizes different aspects of language use, they all view language as social interaction.

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Discourse and Context in Language Teaching: A Guide for Language Teachers

Discourse Analysis and Language Teaching It is widely accepted in the field that we teach both Language for communication and Language as communication. Analysis , Language , Teaching , Discourse , Discourse analysis and language teaching. Link to this page:. So, given this premise, the goal of Language Teaching is to enable the learner to communicate and the method for Teaching is for the learner to experi- ence and practice relevant instances of communication.

Discourse analysis is the examination of language use by members of a speech community. It involves looking at both language form and language function and includes the study of both spoken interaction and written texts. It identifies linguistic features that characterize different genres as well as social and cultural factors that aid in our interpretation and understanding of different texts and types of talk. A discourse analysis of written texts might include a study of topic development and cohesion across the sentences, while an analysis of spoken language might focus on these aspects plus turn-taking practices, opening and closing sequences of social encounters, or narrative structure. The study of discourse has developed in a variety of disciplines-sociolinguistics, anthropology, sociology, and social psychology. Thus discourse analysis takes different theoretical perspectives and analytic approaches: speech act theory, interactional sociolinguistics, ethnography of communication, pragmatics, conversation analysis, and variation analysis Schiffrin, Although each approach emphasizes different aspects of language use, they all view language as social interaction.

Discourse and Education pp Cite as. This chapter presents a big picture of the past, present, and future of the intersection between discourse and second language learning. It traces back to early developments in the two fields tackling negotiated interaction; learner variation; accommodation theory; acculturation; initiation, response, feedback IRF patterns in classroom discourse; and cross-cultural communication. Then it discusses the major contributions to discourse-based SLA research including language identity, language socialization, sociocultural theory SCT , and conversation analysis. All these discursive approaches have been feeding the ongoing cognitive-social debate, which was recapitulated in the focus issue of Modern Language Journal Volume 91, Issue Supplement s1. Responding to the debate, Atkinson Modern Lang J —, proposed a socio-cognitive approach, which takes an ecological perspective that could conflate cognitive and social orientations. Young Discursive practice in language learning and teaching.


- Discourse and Context in Language Teaching: A Guide for Language Teachers. Marianne Celce-Murcia and Elite Olshtain. Frontmatter.


Research Methods in Language and Education pp Cite as. Discourse analysis as a method of inquiry has improved our collective understanding of teaching and learning processes for at least four decades. This chapter provides some historical context for understanding the emergence of discourse analysis within educational research, describes some of the different ways that discourse analysis continues to be used and useful in educational research, and synthesizes scholarship that has influenced how discourse analysis has enhanced educational research. It explores key contributions in the study of discourse, including how underlying social systems shape and are shaped by interaction, how identities are constructed in and through talk, the relationship between interaction and learning in both formal and informal educational contexts, and how embodiment, multimodality, and virtual spaces offer new sites of analysis, which raises important questions about what new modes of communication imply for discursive methods of research and representation. It also covers four major approaches to discourse analysis in education — anthropological, narrative, classroom-based, and critical — and shows that the study of language and discourse in education has blossomed into a dynamic and interdisciplinary endeavor.

This book recommends that language teachers incorporate an awareness of discourse and pragmatics in their teaching if they wish to implement a communicative approach in their classrooms. After two introductory chapters on discourse and pragmatics, the authors show how a discourse perspective can enhance the teaching of traditional areas of linguistic knowledge and the teaching of language processing skills. This awareness of discourse is then carried over to curriculum development, assessment, and classroom research. With discussion questions and activities at the end of each chapter, this book can be used in methods courses or in-service training programs. Academic Literacy!

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