biomechanics of knee ligaments injury healing and repair pdf

Biomechanics Of Knee Ligaments Injury Healing And Repair Pdf

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Published: 09.06.2021

Ligaments of the Knee in Sports Injuries and Rehabilitation

Metrics details. Ligaments and tendons are soft connective tissues which serve essential roles for biomechanical function of the musculoskeletal system by stabilizing and guiding the motion of diarthrodial joints. Nevertheless, these tissues are frequently injured due to repetition and overuse as well as quick cutting motions that involve acceleration and deceleration. These injuries often upset this balance between mobility and stability of the joint which causes damage to other soft tissues manifested as pain and other morbidity, such as osteoarthritis. The healing of ligament and tendon injuries varies from tissue to tissue. Tendinopathies are ubiquitous and can take up to 12 months for the pain to subside before one could return to normal activity.

The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the six ligaments in the human knee joint that provides stability during articulations. It is relatively prone to acute and chronic injuries as compared to other ligaments. Repair and self-healing of an injured anterior cruciate ligament are time-consuming processes. For personnel resuming an active sports life, surgical repair or replacement is essential. Untreated anterior cruciate ligament tear results frequently in osteoarthritis.

The influences and mechanisms of the physiology, rupture and reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament ACL on kinematics and clinical outcomes have been investigated in many biomechanical and clinical studies over the last several decades. The knee is a complex joint with shifting contact points, pressures and axes that are affected when a ligament is injured. The ACL, as one of the intra-articular ligaments, has a strong influence on the resulting kinematics. Often, other meniscal or ligamentous injuries accompany ACL ruptures and further deteriorate the resulting kinematics and clinical outcomes. Knowing the surgical options, anatomic relations and current evidence to restore ACL function and considering the influence of concomitant injuries on resulting kinematics to restore full function can together help to achieve an optimal outcome. Core tip: This review of literature summarizes the influences and mechanisms of the physiology, rupture and reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament on kinematics and clinical outcomes. The major focuses are on the resulting joint kinematics after rupture and reconstruction and on biomechanics of graft fixation.

Intrinsic Healing of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament in an Adolescent

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Fisher and S. Fisher , S. Ligaments and tendons are soft connective tissues which serve essential roles for biomechanical function of the musculoskeletal system by stabilizing and guiding the motion of diarthrodial joints.

Rehabilitation of Sports Injuries pp Cite as. Increased athletic participation in high impact and high risk sports has increased the occurrence of soft tissue injuries in the knee. Seventy percent of all ACL injuries are sports-related [3]. In fact, an ACL injury occurs during every h of football, basketball, and soccer that are played [4]. A study from to concluded that an ACL tear occurs on approximately 1 out of 20, skier days [5].


Knee ligament injuries are common, particularly in sports and sports related activities. Rupture of these ligaments upsets the balance between knee mobility and.


Biomechanics of knee ligaments: injury, healing, and repair.

Rehabilitation of Sports Injuries pp Cite as. Increased athletic participation in high impact and high risk sports has increased the occurrence of soft tissue injuries in the knee. Seventy percent of all ACL injuries are sports-related [3]. In fact, an ACL injury occurs during every h of football, basketball, and soccer that are played [4]. A study from to concluded that an ACL tear occurs on approximately 1 out of 20, skier days [5].

Metrics details. This article provides a detailed narrative review on the history and current concepts surrounding ligamentous repair techniques in athletic patients. In particular, we will focus on the anterior cruciate ligament ACL as a case study in ligament injury and ligamentous repair techniques. All relevant historical papers were included for analysis.

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Request PDF | Biomechanics of knee ligaments: Injury, healing, and repair | Knee ligament injuries are common, particularly in sports and.

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