Rules And Regulations Of Hockey In Pdf
File Name: rules and regulations of hockey in .zip
File photo credit: wikimedia commons. Only two teams of eleven players each are allowed on the field at once, ten field players and one goalie. This gives sufficient time for players to rest especially for beginners!
Field hockey is a widely played team sport of the hockey family. The game can be played on grass, watered turf, artificial turf or synthetic field, as well as an indoor boarded surface.
Each team plays with ten field players and a goalkeeper. Players use sticks made of wood, carbon fibre , fibre glass , or a combination of carbon fibre and fibre glass in different quantities, to hit a round, hard, plastic hockey ball. The length of the hockey stick is based on the player's individual height: the top of the stick usually comes to the players hip, and taller players typically have longer sticks.
Use of the other side results in a foul. Goalies often have a different design of stick, although they can also use an ordinary field hockey stick. The specific goal-keeping sticks have another curve at the end of the stick, which is to give it more surface area to block the ball. The uniform consists of shin guards , shoes, shorts or a skirt, a mouthguard and a jersey. Known simply as "hockey" in most territories, the term "field hockey" is used primarily in Canada and the United States where ice hockey is more popular.
In Sweden , the term landhockey is used, and to some degree in Norway , where the game is governed by the Norges Bandyforbund. During play, goal keepers are the only players allowed to touch the ball with any part of their body, while field players can only play the ball with the flat side of their stick.
A player's hand is considered part of the stick if holding the stick. If the ball is touched with the rounded part of the stick, it will result in a penalty. Goal keepers also cannot play the ball with the back of their stick. The team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is tied at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time, or there is a penalty shoot-out , depending on the format of the competition.
There are many variations to overtime play that depend on the league or tournament rules. In American college play, a seven-aside overtime period consists of a minute golden goal period with seven players for each team. The player has eight seconds to score against the goalie while keeping the ball in bounds. The game ends after a goal is scored, the ball goes out of bounds, a foul is committed ending in either a penalty stroke or flick or the end of the one-on-one or time expires.
If the tie still persists, more rounds are played until one team has scored. A popular variant of field hockey is indoor field hockey , which differs in a number of respects while embodying the primary principles of hockey. Although many of the rules remain the same, including obstruction and feet, there are several key variations: players may not raise the ball unless shooting at goal, players may not hit the ball, instead using pushes to transfer it, and the sidelines are replaced with solid barriers, from which the ball will rebound and remain in play.
There is a depiction of a field hockey-like game in Ancient Greece , dating to c. It could have been a team or one-on-one activity the depiction shows two active players, and other figures who may be teammates awaiting a face-off, or non-players waiting for their turn at play. Billiards historians Stein and Rubino believe it was among the games ancestral to lawn-and-field games like hockey and ground billiards , and near-identical depictions but with only two figures appear both in the Beni Hasan tomb of Ancient Egyptian administrator Khety of the 11th Dynasty c.
In Northern Europe , the games of hurling Ireland and Knattleikr Iceland , both team ball games involving sticks to drive a ball to the opponents' goal, date at least as far back as the Early Middle Ages. By the 12th century, a team ball game called la soule or choule , akin to a chaotic and sometimes long-distance version of hockey or rugby football depending on whether sticks were used in a particular local variant , was regularly played in France and southern Britain between villages or parishes.
Throughout the Middle Ages to the Early Modern era , such games often involved the local clergy or secular aristocracy , and in some periods were limited to them by various anti-gaming edicts, or even banned altogether. The word hockey itself has no clear origin. One belief is that it was recorded in when Edward III of England issued the proclamation: "Moreover we ordain that you prohibit under penalty of imprisonment all and sundry from such stone, wood and iron throwing; handball, football, or hockey; coursing and cock-fighting, or other such idle games.
It may be recalled at this point that baculum is the Latin for 'stick', so the reference would appear to be to a game played with sticks. The English historian and biographer John Strype did not use the word "hockey" when he translated the proclamation in , and the word 'hockey' remains of unknown origin.
The modern game grew from English public schools in the early 19th century. The first club was in at Blackheath in south-east London , but the modern rules grew out of a version played by Middlesex cricket clubs for winter game.
The first international competition took place in Ireland 3, Wales 0 , and the International Rules Board was founded in Field hockey was played at the Summer Olympics in and Men's hockey united under the FIH in The two oldest trophies are the Irish Senior Cup , which dates back to , and the Irish Junior Cup , a second XI-only competition [ clarification needed ] instituted in Pakistan won in , and In the early s, artificial turf began to be used.
Synthetic pitches changed most aspects of field hockey, gaining speed. New tactics and techniques such as the Indian dribble developed, followed by new rules to take account. The switch to synthetic surfaces ended Indian and Pakistani domination because artificial turf was too expensive in developing countries.
Women's field hockey was first played at British universities and schools. The first club, the Molesey Ladies, was founded in These tournaments were non-competitive until Discussions started about a common rule book. It took until for the two bodies to merge, but this allowed the introduction of women's field hockey to the Olympic games from where, as in the men's game, The Netherlands, Germany, and Australia have been consistently strong.
Argentina has emerged as a team to be reckoned with since , winning the world championship in and and medals at the last three Olympics. In the United States field hockey is played predominantly by females. However, outside North America, participation is now fairly evenly balanced between men and women. For example, in England, England Hockey reports that as of the —09 season there were registered men's teams, women's teams, boys' teams, girls' teams and mixed teams.
The strength of college field hockey reflects the impact of Title IX which mandated that colleges should fund men's and women's games programmes comparably.
The game's roots in the English public girls' school mean that the game is associated in the UK with active or overachieving middle class and upper class women.
For example, in Nineteen Eighty-Four , George Orwell 's novel set in a totalitarian London, main character Winston Smith initially dislikes Julia, the woman he comes to love, because of "the atmosphere of hockey-fields and cold baths and community hikes and general clean-mindedness which she managed to carry about with her.
The game of field hockey is also very present in the United States. Many [ quantify ] high schools and colleges in the U. Most hockey field dimensions were originally fixed using whole numbers of imperial measures. At each end is a goal 2. A spot 0. Field hockey goals are made of two upright posts, joined at the top by a horizontal crossbar, with a net positioned to catch the ball when it passes through the goalposts. The backboard runs the full 3. Historically the game developed on natural grass turf.
In the early s, " synthetic grass " fields began to be used for hockey, with the first Olympic Games on this surface being held at Montreal in Synthetic pitches are now mandatory for all international tournaments and for most national competitions.
While hockey is still played on traditional grass fields at some local levels and lesser national divisions, it has been replaced by synthetic surfaces almost everywhere in the western world. There are three main types of artificial hockey surface:   . Since the s, sand-based pitches have been favoured as they dramatically speed up the game. However, in recent years there has been a massive increase in the number of "water-based" artificial turfs.
Water-based synthetic turfs enable the ball to be transferred more quickly than on sand-based surfaces. It is this characteristic that has made them the surface of choice for international and national league competitions. Water-based surfaces are also less abrasive than sand-based surfaces and reduce the level of injury to players when they come into contact with the surface.
The FIH are now [ when? This is due to the negative ecological effects of the high water requirements of water-based synthetic fields.
It has also been stated that the decision to make artificial surfaces mandatory greatly favoured more affluent countries who could afford these new pitches.
The game is played between two teams of eleven, 10 field players and one goal keeper, are permitted to be on the pitch at any one time. The remaining players may be substituted in any combination. There is an unlimited number of times a team can sub in and out. Substitutions are permitted at any point in the game, apart from between the award and end of a penalty corner; two exceptions to this rule is for injury or suspension of the defending goalkeeper, which is not allowed when playing with a field keep, or a player can exit the field, but you must wait until after the inserter touches the ball to put somebody back in.
Players are permitted to play the ball with the flat of the 'face side' and with the edges of the head and handle of the field hockey stick with the exception that, for reasons of safety, the ball may not be struck 'hard' with a forehand edge stroke, because of the difficulty of controlling the height and direction of the ball from that stroke.
The flat side is always on the "natural" side for a right-handed person swinging the stick at the ball from right to left. Left-handed sticks are rare, but available; however they are pointless as the rules forbid their use in a game. To make a strike at the ball with a left-to-right swing the player must present the flat of the 'face' of the stick to the ball by 'reversing' the stick head, i.
Edge hitting of the ball underwent a two-year "experimental period", twice the usual length of an "experimental trial" and is still a matter of some controversy within the game. Ric Charlesworth, the former Australian coach, has been a strong critic of the unrestricted use of the reverse edge hit. The 'hard' forehand edge hit was banned after similar concerns were expressed about the ability of players to direct the ball accurately, but the reverse edge hit does appear to be more predictable and controllable than its counterpart.
This type of hit is now more commonly referred to as the "forehand sweep" where the ball is hit with the flat side or "natural" side of the stick and not the rounded edge. Other rules include; no foot-to-ball contact, no use of hands, no obstructing other players, no high back swing, no hacking, and no third party. If a player is dribbling the ball and either loses control and kicks the ball or another player interferes that player is not permitted to gain control and continue dribbling.
The rules do not allow the person who kicked the ball to gain advantage from the kick, so the ball will automatically be passed on to the opposing team. Conversely, if no advantage is gained from kicking the ball, play should continue. Players may not obstruct another's chance of hitting the ball in any way.
Penalty for this is the opposing team receives the ball and if the problem continues, the player can be carded. While a player is taking a free hit or starting a corner the back swing of their hit cannot be too high for this is considered dangerous. Finally there may not be three players touching the ball at one time. Two players from opposing teams can battle for the ball, however if another player interferes it is considered third party and the ball automatically goes to the team who only had one player involved in the third party.
A match ordinarily consists of two periods of 35 minutes and a halftime interval of 5 minutes.
National Hockey League rules
Field hockey is a widely played team sport of the hockey family. The game can be played on grass, watered turf, artificial turf or synthetic field, as well as an indoor boarded surface. Each team plays with ten field players and a goalkeeper. Players use sticks made of wood, carbon fibre , fibre glass , or a combination of carbon fibre and fibre glass in different quantities, to hit a round, hard, plastic hockey ball. The length of the hockey stick is based on the player's individual height: the top of the stick usually comes to the players hip, and taller players typically have longer sticks. Use of the other side results in a foul. Goalies often have a different design of stick, although they can also use an ordinary field hockey stick.
Floor Hockey Rules
Here is a brief guide to the essential ice hockey rules! Any player, other than a goaltender, who catches a puck must immediately knock or place it back down to the ice. Any violation of this will result in a two-minute minor.
It is called field hockey to distinguish it from the similar game played on ice. Hockey is believed to date from the earliest civilizations. The Arabs, Greeks, Persians, and Romans each had their own versions, and traces of a stick game played by the Aztec Indians of South America have been found. Hockey can also be identified with other early games, such as hurling and shinty. During the Middle Ages a French stick game called hoquet was played, and the English word may be derived from it.
Infractions of the rules, such as offside and icing , lead to a stoppage of play and subsequent to the offending teams. The league also determines the specifications for playing equipment used in its games.
Rules & Regulations
Goaltender:: The goalie's primary task is simple - keep the puck out of his own net. Offensively, he might start his team down the ice with a pass, but seldom does he leave the net. Defensemen: These players try to stop the incoming play at their own blue line. They try to break up passes, block shots, cover opposing forwards center and wings and clear the puck from in front of their own goal. Offensively, they get the puck to their forwards and follow the play into the attacking zone, positioning themselves just inside their opponent's blue line at the "points.
Skip to main content. Generally, Ice Hockey rules apply to infractions, except: Five 5 players on the floor at one time includes goalie All jewelry ie. This is to protect all participants Only clean non-marking gymnasium footwear to be worn; Hiking-style footwear is not permitted Players may not throw the ball forward, they may only drop it to their feet an open hand pass is permitted provided the pass is touched by an opponent first. This applies for defensive and offensive zones No slap shots — the stick must remain below the waist includes goaltenders. This includes the backswing and the follow-through. Penalty: loss of possession of ball.
This may be amended by Regulation to a maximum of eighteen players. Field Player. One of the participants on the field other than the goalkeeper. Goalkeeper.
2. Are you allowed to kick the ball?
Hockey is a game that is played around the world by many countries. The pinnacle of the sport comes in the form of the Olympics where it has been one of the top attended sports since its reinstating in The object of hockey is to hit a ball with a stick into a goal. Every time the ball goes into the goal then a point is awarded to that team. The team with the most goals at the end of the game is awarded the winner.
Here is a brief guide to the essential ice hockey rules! Any player, other than a goaltender, who catches a puck must immediately knock or place it back down to the ice. Any violation of this will result in a two-minute minor. All players take up set positions around one of five face-off circles on the ice. Only two players are allowed inside the circle during the faceoff. The location of the faceoff is determined by the cause of the last stoppage in play.
Basic Field Hockey Rules. You may only use the flat side of your stick.